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COLA Publications


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IGES

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COLA

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CREW

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Weather Maps

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GrADS

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ELLFB

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JAMES

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Climate Dynamics PhD

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COLA Technical Reports

325.

The COLA Intraseasonal-to-Interannual Predictability Project Scientific Motivation and Technical Approach. David M. Straus, Michael J. Fennessy, Eric L. Altshuler, Zhichang Guo, Timothy DelSole, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Sanjiv Kumar, Benjamin A. Cash, and J. L. Kinter. 31 pp. July 2013.

324.

Teleconnections of AMO and Atlantic Tripole with the Indian Monsoon Rainfall. Lakshmi Krishnamurthy and V. Krishnamurthy. 45 pp. April 2013. (AMS Copyright notice)

323.

Simulation of the South Asian monsoon in a coupled model with an embedded cloud resolving model. V. Krishnamurthy, Cristiana Stan, David A. Randall, Ravi P. Shukla and James L. Kinter III. 44 pp. April 2013. (AMS Copyright notice)

322.

Decadal scale oscillations and trend in the Indian monsoon rainfall. Lakshmi Krishnamurthy and V. Krishnamurthy. 39 pp. March 2013.

321.

Influence of PDO on South Asian summer monsoon and monsoon-ENSO relation. Lakshmi Krishnamurthy and V. Krishnamurthy. 41 pp. March 2013.

320.

The Leading Mode of Intraseasonal Variability of the South Asian Summer Monsoon. Ravi P. Shukla. 50 pp. March 2013.

319.

Tropical Stationary Wave Response to ENSO: Diabatic Heating Influence on the Indian summer monsoon. Youkyoung Jang, David M. Straus. 52 pp. March 2012. (AMS Copyright notice)

318.

Applicability of simple bias correction methods in improving decadal forecast skill. Balachandrudu Narapusetty, Cristiana Stan and Arun Kumar. 28 pp. March 2012.

317.

Ensemble ENSO hindcasts initialized from multiple ocean analyses. Jieshun Zhu, Bohua Huang, Lawrence Marx,James L. Kinter III, Magdalena A. Balmaseda, Rong-Hua Zhang and Zeng-Zhen Hu. 24 pp. February 2012.

316.

Coupling between atmospheric internal variability and tropical instability wave activity in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Balachandrudu Narapusetty, Cristiana Stan, Ben P. Kirtman, Paul S. Schopf, Lawrence Marx and James L. Kinter III. 26 pp. December 2011. )

315.

The role of oceanic feedback in the climate response to doubling CO2. Jian Lu and Bin Zhao 18 pp. December 2011. (AMS Copyright notice)

314.

Extreme Events and Trends in the Indian Summer Monsoon. V. Krishnamurthy. 18 pp. July 2011.

313.

Predictability of the Indian monsoon in coupled general circulation models. V. Krishnamurthy and J. Shukla. 45 pp. July 2011.

312.

The role of ocean dynamics in the interaction between the Atlantic meridional and equatorial modes. Jieshun Zhu, Bohua Huang and Zhaohua Wu. 18 pp. July 2011. (AMS Copyright notice)

311.

An ensemble estimation of the variability of upper-ocean heat content over the tropical Atlantic Ocean with multi-ocean reanalysis products. Jieshun Zhu, Bohua Huang and Magdalena A. Balmaseda. 47 pp. May 2011.

310.

Influences of Subtropical Air-Sea Interaction on the Multidecadal AMOC Variability in the NCEP Climate Forecast System. Bohua Huang, Zeng-Zhen Hu, Edwin K. Schneider, Zhaohua Wu, Yan Xue and Barry Klinger. 47 pp. April 2011.

309.

Role of Indian Ocean in the ENSO-Indian summer monsoon teleconnection in the NCEP Climate Forecast System. Deepthi Achuthavarier, V. Krishnamurthy, Ben P. Kirtman and Bohua Huang. 41 pp. February 2011. (AMS Copyright notice)

308.

Observed Decadal North Atlantic Tripole SST Variability. Part II: Diagnosis of Mechanisms. Edwin K. Schneider and Meizhu Fan. 35 pp. December 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

307.

Observed Decadal North Atlantic Tripole SST Variability. Part I: Weather Noise Forcing and Coupled Response. Meizhu Fan and Edwin K. Schneider. 39 pp. December 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

306.

Intraseasonal Oscillations of the Monsoon Circulation over South Asia V. Krishnamurthy and Deepthi Achuthavarier. 41 pp. December 2010.

305.

Surface Conditions and Projections of 21st Century Meridional Overturning Circulations. Barry A. Klinger. 25 pp. December 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

304.

Simulating the hydrologic diurnal cycle in global climate models: Resolution versus parameterization. Paul A. Dirmeyer, Benjamin A. Cash, James L. Kinter III, Thomas Jung, Lawrence Marx, Masaki Satoh, Cristiana Stan, Hirofumi Tomita, Peter Towers, Nils Wedi, Deepthi Achuthavarier, Jennifer M. Adams, Eric Altshuler, Bohua Huang , Emilia K. Jin and Julia Manganello.45 pp. October 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

303.

The impact of land surface initialization on seasonal forecasts with CCSM. Daniel A. Paolino, James L. Kinter III, Ben P. Kirtman, Dughong Min and David M. Straus. 30 pp. September 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

302.

Rainy season Caribbean Sea precipitation and ENSO. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman. 47 pp. September 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

301.

Predictability of South Asian Monsoon Circulation in the NCEP Climate Forecast System. V. Krishnamurthy and Shailendra Rai. 19 pp. August 2010.

300.

Limits to the impact of empirical correction on simulation of the water cycle. Paul A. Dirmeyer, Timothy DelSole and Mei Zhao. 27 pp. August 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

299.

Error growth in CFS daily retrospective forecasts of South Asian monsoon. Shailendra Rai and V. Krishnamurthy. 42 pp. June 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

298.

Caribbean Sea rainfall variability during the rainy season and relationship to the equatorial Pacific and tropical Atlantic SST. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman. 44 pp. June 2010.

297.

The position of the midlatitude storm track and eddy-driven westerlies in aquaplanet AGCMs. Jian Lu, Gang Chen and Dargan M. W. Frierson. 52 pp. April 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

296. Land-atmosphere Coupling Strength in the Global Forecast System. Li Zhang, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Jiangfeng Wei, Zhichang Guo and Cheng-Hsuan Lu. 25 pp. April 2010. (AMS Copyright notice )
295. Changes in the relationship between Northeast China summer temperature and ENSO. Renguang Wu, Song Yang, Shi Liu, Li Sun, Yi Lian, and Zongting Gao. 40 pp. April 2010.

294.

Biennial relationship in rainfall variability between Central America and equatorial South America. Renguang Wu and Li Zhang. 17pp. February 2010.

293.

Synoptic-eddy feedbacks and circulation regime analysis. David M. Straus. 16 pp. January 2010. (AMS Copyright notice)

292.

Role of Indian and Pacific SST in Indian summer monsoon intraseasonal variability. Deepthi Achuthavarier and V. Krishnamurthy. 38 pp. December 2009. (AMS Copyright notice)

291.

Daily atmospheric variability in the South American monsoon system. V. Krishnamurthy and Vasubandhu Misra. 40 pp. December 2009.

290.

Sensitivity of Tropical Climate to Low-Level Clouds in the NCEP Climate Forecast System. Zeng-Zhen Hu, Bohua Huang, Yu-Tai Hou, Wanqiu Wang, Fanglin Yang,

Cristiana Stan, and Edwin K. Schneider. 36 pp. November 2009.

289.

The Influence of Mean Climate on the Equatorial Pacific Seasonal Cycle and ENSO: Simulation and Prediction Experiments Using CCSM3. Xiaohua Pan, Bohua Huang and Jagadish Shukla. 45 pp. November 2009.

288.

The Leading Mode of Variability in the Indian Monsoon Region in the Absence of ENSO Variability in the NCEP CFS. Deepthi Achuthavarier and V. Krishnamurthy.15 pp. October 2009.

287.

Daily Modes of South Asian Summer Monsoon Variability in the NCEP Climate Forecast System. Deepthi Achuthavarier and V. Krishnamurthy. 43 pp. October 2009.

286.

Shortwave radiation-SST relationship over the mid-latitude North Pacific during boreal summer in climate models.  Renguang Wu and James L. Kinter III. 32 pp. October 2009.

285.

Relation between intraseasonal and interannual variability of South Asian monsoon in the NCEP forecast systems. Deepthi Achuthavarier and V. Krishnamurthy. 38 pp. August 2009.

284.

Influence of Sea Surface Temperature on the European HeatWave of 2003 Summer: An Observational and Modeling Study. Laura Feudale and Jagadish Shukla. 54 pp. August 2009.

283.

A further study of the tropical Indian Ocean asymmetric mode in boreal spring.

Renguang Wu and Sang-Wook Yeh. 30 pp. July 2009.

282.

Climatic feedbacks during the 2003 European heatwave. M. J. Fennessy and J. L. Kinter III. 32 pp. July 2009. (AMS Copyright notice)

281.

An interdecadal change in southern China summer rainfall around 1992-93. Renguang Wu, Zhiping Wen, Song Yang and Yueqing Li. 32 pp. July 2009.

280.

Floods over the US Midwest: A regional water cycle perspective. Paul A. Dirmeyer and James L. Kinter III. 22pp. July 2009.

279.

The atmosphere-ocean relationship in the mid-latitude North Pacific: Seasonal dependence and east-west contrast. Renguang Wu and James L. Kinter III. 25 pp. June 2009.

278.

Sensitivities of simulated soil wetness and surface fluxes to uncertainties in atmospheric forcing. Jiangfeng Wei, Paul A. Dirmeyer and Zhichang Guo. 25 pp. May 2009.

277.

Variability of ENSO-related noise in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman. 26 pp. May 2009.

276.

Two Decades of Medium-Range Weather Forecasting in India:National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting. D. R. Sikka. 100 pp. May 2009.

275.

Sensitivity of the NCEP Climate Forecast System to changes in the SST bias. Part I: Tropical Pacific Mean State. Julia V. Manganello and Bohua Huang. 22 pp. April 2009.

274.

How much do different land models matter for climate simulation? Part II: A decomposed view of land-atmosphere coupling strength. Jiangfeng Wei, Paul Dirmeyer, and Zhichang Guo. 28 pp. April 2009. (AMS Copyright notice)

273.

How much do different land models matter for climate simulation? Part I: Climatology and variability. Jiangfeng Wei, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Zhichang Guo, Li Zhang, Vasubandhu Misra. 36 pp. April 2009. (AMS Copyright notice)

272.

A Statistical/Dynamical Estimate of Winter ENSO Teleconnections in a Future Climate. Edwin K. Schneider, Michael J. Fennessy, and James L. Kinter III. 42 pp. April 2009. (AMS Copyright notice)

271.

Intermediate Error Growth in the Tropics. David M. Straus and Dan Paolino. 23pp. April 2009. (AMS Copyright notice)

270.

The Composite Structure of Monsoon Low Pressure Systems. V. Krishnamurthy and R. S. Ajayamohan. 35pp. November 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

269.

Potentially Predictable Patterns of Seasonal Mean Geopotential Heights in an Ensemble of Climate Simulations with the COLA AGCM. Xiaogu Zheng, David Straus Carsten S. Frederiksen, and Simon Grainger. 42pp. November 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

268.

An analysis of the relationship of U.S. droughts with SST and soil moisture: Distinguishing the time scale of droughts. Renguang Wu and James L. Kinter III. 36pp. September 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

267.

Subseasonal variability during the South China Sea summer monsoon onset.

Renguang Wu. 29pp. September 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

266.

Local rainfall-SST relationship on subseasonal time scales in satellite observations and CFS. Renguang Wu, Ben P. Kirtman, and Kathy Pegion. 19pp. September 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

265.

Multi-Model Ensemble ENSO Prediction with CCSM and CFS. Ben P. Kirtman and Dughong Min. 51pp. May 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

264.

An Analysis of ENSO Prediction Skill in the CFS Retrospective Forecasts. Renguang Wu, Ben P. Kirtman and Huug van den Dool. 40pp. May 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

263.

What are the Modeling Requirements for Seamless Prediction of Weather and Climate from Days to Decades? The Known, the Unknown and the Unknowable.

J. Shukla, Jim Kinter and David M. Straus. 11pp. May 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

262.

A Variance Decomposition Approach to the Prediction of the Seasonal Mean Circulation: Comparison with Dynamical Ensemble Prediction using NCEP’s CFS. Xiaogu Zheng, David M. Straus and Carsten S. Frederiksen. 66 pp., February 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

261.

Relation between Indian monsoon variability and SST. V. Krishnamurthy and Ben P. Kirtman. 36 pp., February 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

260.

Non-ENSO variability and the regional climate of Bangladesh: Implications for cholera risk. Benjamin A. Cash, Xavier Rodo, and James L. Kinter III. 39 pp., February 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

259.

Coupled Interactions of the Monsoons. Vasubandhu Misra. 17 pp., February 2008.

258.

Possible role of the Indian Ocean in the out-of-phase transition of the Australian to Indian summer monsoon. Renguang Wu. 37 pp., February 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

257.

Precipitation, recycling and land memory: An integrated analysis. Paul A. Dirmeyer, C. Adam Schlosser, and Kaye L. Brubaker. 25 pp., January 2008. (AMS Copyright notice)

256.

Import and export of atmosheric water vapor between nations. Paul A. Dirmeyer, Kaye L. Brubaker, and Timothy DelSole. 34 pp., January 2008.

255.

Air, Sea and Land Interactions of the Continental US Hydroclimate. Vasubandhu Misra and Paul A. Dirmeyer. 32 pp., January 2008.

254.

Seasonal Influences on Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Variability in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean. Susan C. Bates. 41 pp., December 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

253.

Possible role of the Indian Ocean in the in-phase transition of the Indian to Australian summer monsoon. Renguang Wu. 31 pp., November 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

252.

Spatial Structure, Forecast Errors and Predictability of South Asian Monsoon in CFS Monthly Retrospecitve Forecasts. Hae-Kyung Lee Drbohlav and V. Krishnamurthy. 38 pp., November 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

251.

Dry and Wet Conditions in the Contiguous United States: Interferential Impact of ENSO and PDO. Zeng-Zhen Hu and Bohua Huang. 30 pp., October 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

250.

Estimating the Representation of Extreme Precipitation Events in Atmospheric General Circulation Models Using L-Moments. Larry Marx and James L. Kinter, III. 35 pp., October 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

249.

Why the Southern Hemisphere Leads ENSO. Daeho Jim and Ben P. Kirtman. 18 pp., October 2007.

248.

Observed ENSO-South American Monsoon Teleconnection. V. Krishnamurthy and Vasubandhu Misra. 15 pp., October 2007.

247.

Internal Atmospheric Dynamics and Air-Sea Interactions in the Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation. Kathy Pegion and Ben P. Kirtman. 20 pp., August 2007.

246.

The Equatorial Pacific Cold Tongue Bias in a Coupled Climate Model. Vasubandhu Misra, L. Marx, M. Brunke and X. Zeng. 28 pp., August 2007.

245.

The Impact of Air-Sea Interactions on the Predictability of the Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation. Kathy Pegion and Ben P. Kirtman. 36 pp., August 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

244.

The Modulated Annual Cycle -- An alternative reference Frame for Climate Anomalies. Zhaohua Wu, Edwin K. Schneider, Ben P. Kirtman, Edward S. Sarachik, Norden E. Huang, and Compton J. Tucker. 56 pp., August 2007.

243.

Links between tropical Pacific SST and the regional climate of Bangladesh: Role of the estern tropical and central extratropial Pacific. Benjamin A. Cash, Xavier Rodo, James L. Kinter III . 25 pp., August 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

242.

The Impact of Air-Sea Interactions on the Simulation of Tropical Intraseasonal Variability. Kathy Pegion and Ben P. Kirtman. 45 pp., August 2007. Final Published Version: Journal of Climate.  In Press. (AMS Copyright notice)

241.

Coupled Ocean-Atmopshere Variability in the Tropical Atlantic in the absence of an Annual Cycle. Susan C. Bates. 36 pp., June 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

240.

Coupled Seasonal Hindcasts of the South American Monsoon from a Climate Model. Vasubandhu Misra and L. Marx. 32 pp., June 2007.

239.

The ENSO-South American Monsoon Teleconnection. Vasubandhu Misra. 27 pp., June 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

238.

An asymmetric mode of tropical Indian Ocean rainfall variability in boreal spring. Renguang Wu, Ben P. Kirtman, and V. Krishnamurthy. 19 pp., May 2007.

237.

Surface latent heat flux and its relationship with SST in the NCEP CFS simulations and retrospective forecasts. Renguang Wu, Ben P. Kirtman, and Kathy Pegion. 19 pp., April 2007.

236.

Links between tropical Pacific SST and the regional climate of Bangladesh: Role of the eastern and central tropical Pacific. Benjamin A. Cash, Xavier Rodo, and James L. Kinter III . 33 pp., March 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

235.

Interannual Variability of the South Indian Ocean in Observations and a Coupled Model. Bohua Huang and J. Shukla. 49 pp., March 2007.

234.

The influence of atmospheric noise and uncertainty in ocean initial conditions on the limit of predictability in a coupled GCM. Cristiana Stan and Ben P. Kirtman. 40 pp., February 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

233.

Diurnal Variations of the South American Monsoon. Vasubandhu Misra. 33 pp., February 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

232.

Low Clouds over the Southeastern Tropical Atlantic Ocean and Their Climate Effects in a Coupled GCM and Observations. Zeng-Zhen Hu, Bohua Huang, and Kathy Pegion. 40 pp., February 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

231.

A comparison of climate prediction and simulation over tropical Pacific. Vasubandhu Misra, L. Marx, M. Fennessy, B. Kirtman, and J. L. Kinter III . 19 pp., January 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

230.

Roles of the Indian Ocean in the Australian Summer Monsoon-ENSO Relationship. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman. January 2007.

229.

Leading patterns of the tropical Atlantic variability in a coupled GCM. Zeng-Zhen Hu, Bohua Huang, and Kathy Pegion. 23 pp., January 2007. (AMS Copyright notice)

228.

A Bayesian Framework for Multimodel Regression. Tim Del Sole. 46 pp., October 2006. (Author's most recent version) (AMS Copyright notice)

227.

A sensitivity study of the coupled simulation of the Northeast Brazil rainfall variability. Vasubandhu Misra. 37 pp., October 2006. (AMS Copyright notice)

226.

Potential Effects of Amazon Deforestation on Tropical Climate. Edwin K. Schneider, Meizhu Fan, Ben P. Kirtman and Paul A. Dirmeyer. 41 pp., July 2006.

225.

Internal Ocean Dynamics and Climate Variability. Ben P. Kirtman, Renguang Wu, Sang-Wook Yeh. 44 pp.,

224.

Stochastic Forcing of Surface Climate. Edwin K. Schneider. 34 pp., October 2006. (AMS Copyright notice)

223.

Interannual SST Variability in the Southern Subtropical and Extra-tropical Ocean. Bohua Huang and J. Shukla. 20 pp., October 2006.

222.

The Preferred Structure of the Interannual Indian Monsoon Variability. David M. Straus and V. Krishamurthy. 26 pp., September 2006.

221.

North Pacific Bred Vectors in a Coupled GCM. Yury Vikhliaev, Ben Kirtman, and Paul Schopf. 47pp, August 2006.

220.

Two Types of Dry Indian Summer Monsoons. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, 23 pp., July 2006.

219.

Role of the Inversion Clouds in a Coupled Model Simulation over the Equatorial pacific ocean. Part II: Sensitivity of ENSO Variability. Vasubandhu Misra and Larry Marx, 30 pp., July 2006.

218.

The Influence of the Mean State on the Annual Cycle and ENSO Variability: A Sensitivity Experiment of a Coupled GCM. Julia V. Manganello and Bohua Huang, 60 pp., June 2006.

217.

A Study on the Monsoon Low Pressure Systems over the Indian Region and their Relationship with Drought and Excess Monsoon Seasonal Rainfall. D. R. Sikka. May 2006.

216.

Validity of a linear-stochasitc view of ENSO in a CGCM. Rameshan Kallummal and Ben P. Kirtman, 37 pp., May 2006. (figures)

215.

Evaluation of GSWP-2 Soil Moisture Simulations, Part 2: Sensitivy to external meteorological forcing. Zhichang Guo, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Zeng-Zhen Hu, Xiang Gao, and Mei Zhao, 35 pp., May 2006.

214.

Evaluation of GSWP-2 Soil Moisture Simulations, Part 1: Inter-model comparison. Zhichang Guo and Paul A. Dirmeyer, 33 pp., May 2006.

213.

Regimes of Local Air-Sea Interactions and Implications for Performance of Forced Simulations. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman. 50 pp., May 2006.

212.

The Predictive Skill and the Most Predictable Pattern in the Tropical Atlantic: The Effect of ENSO. Zeng-Zhen Hu and Bohua Huang, 37 pp., April 2006.

211.

Role of the Inversion Clouds in a Coupled Model Simulation over the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Part I: Sensitivity of the Mean Climate. Vasubandhu Misra, 27 pp., April 2006.

210.

Validating ENSO Simulation in Coupled Climate Models. Vasubandhu Misra, Larry Marx, James L. Kinter III, Ben P. Kirtman, Zhichang Guo, Dughong Min, Mike Fennessy, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Rameshan Kallummal, and David M. Straus. 50 pp., April 2006.

209.

Finding Multiple Basin Modes in a Linear Ocean Model. Yury Vikhliaev, Paul Schopf, Tim DelSole, and Ben Kirtman. March 2006, 38 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

208.

Linear Prediction of Monsoon Rainfall for Indian Subdivisions. Timothy DelSole and J. Shukla, March 2006, 19 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

207.

Correction Note on "Linear Prediction of Monsoon Rainfall for Indian Subdivisions". Timothy DelSole and J. Shukla, March 2006, 8pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

206.

Seasonal Persistence and Propagation of Intraseasonal Patterns over the Indian Monsoon Region. V. Krishnamurthy and J. Shukla, February 2006, 46 pp.(AMS Copyright notice)

205.

Optimal Perturbations in Quasigeostrophic Turbulence. Timothy DelSole, January 2006, 47 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

204.

The Fidelity of NCEP-CFS Seasonal Hindcasts of Nordeste. Vasubandhu Misra and Yuning Zhang, January 2006. (AMS Copyright notice)

203.

The hydrologic feedback pathway for land-climate coupling. Paul A. Dirmeyer, January 2006, 33 pp.(AMS Copyright notice)

202.

Low-Frequency Variations of Surface Temperature in Observations and Simulations. Timothy DelSole, January 2006, 45 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

201.

Relationship of Spring and Summer East Asian Rainfall with Winter and Spring Eurasian Snow. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, December 2005, 47 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

200.

Role of the Indian Ocean in the Biennial Transition of the Indian Summer Monsoon. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, November 2005 36 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

199.

The Influence of Sea surface Temperature Anomalies on Low-Frequency Variability of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Julia V. Manganello and J. Shukla. October 2005, 65 pp.

198.

Evolution of Model Sysematic Errors in the Tropical Atlantic Basin from the NCEP Coupled Hindcasts. Bohua Huang and Zeng-zhen Hu. October 2005, 45 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

197.

The effects of downward fluxes and initial conditions on the skill of climate predictions. Mei Zhao, Paul A. Dirmeyer, and Adam Schlosser. October 2005, 41 pp.

196.

Global characterization of the hydrologic cycle from a quasi-isentropic back-trajectory nalysis of atmospheric water vapor. Paul A. Dirmeyer and Kaye L. Brubaker. October 2005, 34 pp.

195.

Addressing the Issue of Systematic Errors in a Regional Climate Model. Vasubandhu Misra. September 2005, 42pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

194.

Physical Processes Associated with Tropical Atlantic SST Gradient. Part II: The Anomalous Evolution in the Southeastern Ocean. Zeng-Zhen Hu and Bohua Huang, September 2005, 43pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

193.

Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition: A Noise Assised Data Analysis Method. Zhaohua Wu and Norden E. Huang. August 2005, 51 pp. (Copyright Royal Society of London )

192.

Do Global Models Properly Represent the Feedback Between Land and Atmosphere? Paul A. Dirmeyer, Randal D. Koster, and Zhichang Guo. August 2005, 47 pp.

191.

Estimating Circulation Regime Properties: Uncertainty and Predictability. David M. Straus, Susanne Corti, and Franco Molteni. August 2005, 48 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

190.

ENSO amplitude changes in climate change projections. Sang-Wook Yeh and Ben P. Kirtman. September 2005, 43 pp.

189.

Physical Processes Associated with Tropical Atlantic SST Gradient. Part I: The Thermodynamical Mode in Boreal Spring. Zeng-Zhen Hu and Bohua Huang. June 2005, 39 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

188.

Intraseasonal and Seasonally Persisting Patterns of Indian Monsoon Rainfall. V. Krishnamurthy and J. Shukla, June 2005, 42 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

187.

Improving the quality of simulated soil moisture with a multi-model ensemble approach. Zhichang Guo, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Xiang Gao, and Mei Zhao. July 2005, 39pp.

186.

A mulit-model analysis, validation, and transferability study of Global Soil Wetness Products. Xiang Gao and Paul A. Dirmeyer. May 2005, 43 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

185.

The Second Global Soil Wetness Project (GSWP-2): Multi-Model Analysis and Implications for our Perception of the Land Surface. Paul A. Dirmeyer, Xiang Gao, Mei Zhao, Zhichang Guo, Taikan Oki, and Naota Hanasaki. May 2005, 46 pp.

184.

Changes in Spread and Predictability Associated with ENSO in an Ensemble Coupled GCM. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, May 2005, 43 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

183.

Local Air-sea Relationship in Observations and Model Simulations. Renguang Wu, Ben P. Kirtman, and Kathy Pegion. May 2005, 29 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

182.

Local Air-Sea Relationship in Observations and Model Simulations. Renguang Wu, Ben P. Kirtman, and Kathy Pegion. May 2005, 29 pp.

181.

The origin of decadal ENSO-like variability in a coupled GCM. Sang-Wook Yeh and Ben P. Kirtman, August 2005, 41 pp.

180.

Air-Sea Coupling in the North Atlantic during Summer. Zeng-Zhen Hu and Bohua Huang, March 2005, 35 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

179.

Specification of Wintertime North American Surface Temperature. Timothy DelSole and J. Shukla, March 2005, 70 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

178.

On the Significance of the Relationship between the North Atlantic Oscillation in Winter and Atlantic SST Anomalies. Zeng-Zhen Hu and Bohua Huang. February 2005, 34 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

177.

On the Mechanisms of the Interannual Variability in the Tropical Indian Ocean, Part II: Regional Processes. Bohua Huang and J. Shukla, March 2005 (AMS Copyright notice)

176.

On the Mechanisms of the Interannual Variability in the Tropical Indian Ocean, Part I: The Role of Remote Forcing from Tropical Pacific. Bohua Huang and J. Shukla. February 2005, 43 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

175.

The Known, the Unknown and the Unknowable in the Predictability of Weather. David M. Straus and J. Shukla, January 2005, 22 pp.

174.

Near-annual SST Variability in the Equatorial Pacific in a Coupled General Circulation Model.Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, November 2004, 40 pp.

173.

An approach for remote sensing validation of land surface schemes on a global scale. Xiang Gao, Paul A. dirmeyer, Zhichang guo, Mei Zhao, Bertrand Decharme, Guoyue Niu, and Sarith Mahanama. October 2004, 42 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

172.

The Land Surface contribution to Boreal Summer Season Predictability. Paul A. Dirmeyer, September 2004, 34 pp.

171.

A diagnosis of Skill in an AGCM over Northeast Brazil. Vasubandhu Misra, September 2004, 23 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

170.

A Simple Mechanism for ENSO Residuals and Asymmetry. Paul S. Schopf, August 2004, 37 pp.

169.

Monthly Climatology of Friction Velocity Cubed from SSM/I Wind Data. Barry A. Klinger, Bohua Huang, Ben Kirtman, Paul Schopf, Jiande Wang. July 2004, 17 pp.

168.

Pacific Decadal Variability and ESNO Amplitude Modulation. Sang-Wook Yeh and Ben P. Kirtman, May 2004, 16 pp.

167.

On the Relationship between Externally Forced Signal and Internally Generated Noise in Rainfall. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, June 2004, 38 pp.

166.

Roles of Indian and Pacific Ocean Air-Sea Coupling in Tropical Atmospheric Variability. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman. May 2004, 41 pp.

165.

Internal Atmospheric Dynamics and Tropical Indo-Pacific Climate Variability. Ben P. Kirtman, Kathy Pegion, and Saul M. Kinter, April 2004, 41 pp (AMS Copyright notice)

164.

Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability and ENSO amplitude Modulation in a CGCM. Sang-Wook Yeh and Ben P. Kirtman, April 2004, 45 pp.

163.

Connection of summer rainfall variations in South and East Asia: Dependencies on ENSO and time scales. Zeng-Zhen Hu, Renguang Wu, James L. Kinter III, and Song Yang. March 2004, 20 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

162.

Global Climate Anomalies and Decadal North Pacific SST Variability in a coupled GCM. Sang-Wook Yeh and Ben P. Kirtman, March 2004, 32 pp.

161.

Validation and forecast applicability of multi-year global soil wetness products. Paul A. Dirmeyer, Zhichang Guo, and Xiang Gao, February 2004, 42 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

160.

Causes of Low Frequency North Atlantic SST Variability in a Coupled GCM. Zhaohua Wu, E.K. Schneider, and B.P. Kirtman, January 2004, 14 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

159.

Production and Analysis of GSWP-2 Near-Surface Meteogology Data Sets. Mei Zhao and Paul A. Dirmeyer, December 2003, 38 pp.

158.

On the Simulation of the Intraseasonal Variance of the South American Summer Monsoon. Vasubandhu Misra, November 2003, 36pp. (AMS Copyright notice) Final Published Version: Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 663-676.

157.

Discrepancy of Interdecadal Changes in the Asian Region between the NCEP-NCAR Reanalysis and Observations. Renguang Wu, J.L. Kinter III , and B.P. Kirtman. November 2003, 35 pp. (AMS Copyright notice) Final Published Version: J. Climate, 18, 3048-3067.

156.

The low-frequency variability of the tropical-North Pacific sea surface temperature teleconnections. Sang-Wook Yeh and Ben P. Kirtman, November 2003, 40 pp.

155.

Impacts of the Indian Ocean on the Indian Summer Monsoon-ENSO Relationship. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, October 2003, 44 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

154.

A New Approach for Coupled GCM Sensitivity Studies. Ben P. Kirtman, Dughong Min, P.S. Schopf, and E.K. Schneider. October 2003, 50 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

153.

Diagnosis of coupled land-atmosphere model feedback using surface flux replacement. Paul A. Dirmeyer and Mei Zhao, September 2003, 57 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

152.

Mean and Uncertainty of Arctic Sea-Ice Change and Their Connection with Arctic Climate Change in CMIP2 Simulations. Zeng-Zhen Hu, Svetlana I. Kuzmina, Lennart Bengtsson, and David m. Holland . September 26, 33 pp.

151.

Understanding the Impacts of the Indian Ocean on ENSO Variability in a Coupled GCM. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, Setember 2003, 35 pp.

150.

Pattern and Trend Analysis of Temperature in a Set of Seasonal Ensemble Simulations. Mei Zhao and Paul A. Dirmeyer, September 2003, 22pp.

149.

Biennial Oscillation of the Monsoon-ENSO System in an Interactive Ensemble Coupled GCM. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, August 2003, 49 pp.

148.

Predictability and Information Theory. Part II: Imperfect Forecasts. Timothy DelSole, June 2003, 46pp. (postscript version)

147.

Remotely Forced Variability in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean. Bohua Huang. July 2003, 54pp.

146.

Predictability and Information Theory. Part I: Measures of Predictability. Tim DelSole. May 2003, 43pp. (postscript version)

145.

Predictable Skill and its Attribution to Sea-Surface Temperature Variations in an Ensemble Climate Simulation. C. Adams Schlosser and Ben P. Kirtman. April 2003, 33 pp.

144.

Anomaly Nesting: A Methodology to Downscale Seasonal Climate Simulations from the AGCM. Vasubandhu Misra and Masao Kanamitsu. April 2003, 25 pp. (AMS Copyright notice) 

143.

AO, COWL and Observed Climate Trends. Qigang Wu and David M. Straus. April 2003, 44 pp.

142.

Multiple Planetary Flow Regimes and the Eddy Forcing in Northern Hemisphere Wintertime Variability. Qigang Wu and David M. Straus. April 2003, 16 pp.

141.

Long-term climate variations in china and global warming signals. Zeng-Zhen Hu, Song Yang, and Renguang Wu. March 2003, 38pp.

140.

The Impact of Internal Atmospheric Variability on the North pacific Decadal SST Variability. Sang-Wook yeh and Ben P. Kirtman, March 2003.

139.

The Necessity of Optimal Perturbations. Timothy DelSole. May 2003. 11 pp. (postscript version)

138.

Evolution of ENSO-related Rainfall Anomalies in East Asia. Renguang Wu, Zeng-Zhen Hu, and Ben P. Kirtman. March 2003, 41 pp.

137.

An Evaluation of the Predictability of Austral Summer Season Precipitation over South America. Vasubandhu Misra. March 2003, 35 pp.

136.

The decadal ENSO variability in a Hybrid Coupled Model. Sang-Wook Yeh, Jong-Ghap Jhun, In-Sik Kang and Ben P. Kirtman. January 2003, 37 pp.

135.

Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Variability in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean. Bohua Huang, Paul S. Schopf, and J. Shukla. January 2003, 57pp.

134.

Flow Regimes, SST Forcing, and Climate Noise: Results from Large GCM Ensembles. David M. Straus and Franco Molteni, January 2003, 49 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

133.

A Study of the Characteristics of White Noise Using the Empirical Mode Decomposition Method. Zhaohua Wu and Norden E. Huang, January 2003, 27 pp.

132.

Co-Existence of the Annular/NAO and Cold Ocean-Warm Land Regimes in Northern Hemisphere Wintertime Variability. Qigang Wu and David M. Straus, December 2002, 33pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

131.

The Teleconnection between the Western Indian and the Western Pacific Oceans. Vasubandhu Misra, November 2002, 24pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

130.

New Calculation of Saturation specfic Humidity and Saturaton Vapor Pressure in the COLA Atmospheric General Circulation Model. L. Marx, November 2002, 25 pp. (Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4)

129.

On the Impacts of the Indian Summer Monsoon on ENSO in a Coupled GCM. Renguang Wu and Ben P. Kirtman, November 2002, 42 pp.

128.

The characteristics of signal versus noise SST variability in the North Pacific and the tropical Pacific Ocean. Sang-Wook Yeh and Ben P. Kirtman, November 2002, 22 pp.

127.

The intensification and shift of the North Atlantic Oscillation in a global warming scenario simulation. Zeng-Zhen Hu and Zhaohua Wu, October 2002, 32 pp.

126.

Potential for Influence of Land Surface Processes on ENSO. Zeng-Zhen Hu, Edwin K. Schneider, Uma S. Bhatt, and Ben P. Kirtman, October 2002, 32 pp.

125.

The COLA Anomaly Coupled Model: Ensemble ENSO Prediction. Ben. P. Kirtman, September 2002, 52pp.

124.

Tracing the mean Climate Simulation over the Tropical Pacific in an AGCM. Vasubandhu Misra, September 2002, 38pp.

123.

Predictability of the Seasonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation During Autumn, Winter, and Spring. David Straus, Dan Paolino, J. Shukla, Siegfried Shubert, Max Suarez, Arun Kumar, and Philip Pegion, September 2002, 51 pp.

122.

On Apparent Decadal Shifts in Tropical Atmospheric Circulation in Reanalysis. J.L. Kinter III , M.J. Fennessy, V. Krishnamurthy, and L. Marx, August 2002, 29pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

121.

On the relationship between the interannual and decadal SST variabliity in the North Pacific and Tropical Pacific Ocean. Sang-Wook Yeh and Ben P. Kirtman. August 2002, 27pp.

120.

The Role of the Land Surface Background State in Climate Predictability. Paul A. Dirmeyer, July 2002, 26 pp.

119.

The influence of Pacific SST on the precipitation over southern Africa diagnosed from an AGCM. Vasubandhu Misra, June 2002, 22 pp.

118.

The Completeness of Eigenfunctions of the Tidal Equation on an Equatorial Beta Plane. Zhaohua Wu and Dennis W. Moore, July 2002, 18 pp. (AMS Copyright notice)

117.

Predictable Component Analysis, Canonical Correlation Analysis, and Linear Inverse Models. Timothy DelSole, and Ping Chang, June 2002, 27pp.

116.

Forcing of Northern Hemisphere Climate Trends. Edwin K. Schneider, Lennart Bengtsson and Zeng-Zhen Hu, June, 2001, 37pp.

115.

Seasonal simulations over North America with a GCM and three regional models. Eric Altshuler, M. Fennessy, J. Shukla, H. Juang, E. Rogers, K. Mitchell, and M. Kanamitsu, March, 2002, 60pp.

114.

Linear Prediction of Indian Monsoon Rainfall. Tim DelSole and J. Shukla, March, 2002,
58pp.

113.

The Role of ENSO in the South Asian Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon Signals Over the Tibetan Plateau. K. Miyakoda, J.L. Kinter and Song Yang, February, 2002, 44pp.

112.

Influence of North American Land Processes on North Atlantic SST Variability. Uma S. Bhatt, Edwin K. Schneider & David DeWitt, February 2002, 50pp.

111.

Entropy as a Basis for Comparing and Blending Forecasts. Timothy DelSole, December,
2001, 51pp.

110.

The Impact of Global Warming on ENSO Variability in Climate Records. Zhaohua Wu, Edwin K. Schnieder, and Zeng-Zhen Hu. July 2002, 24 pp.

109.

Retrospective ENSO Forecasts: The Effect of Ocean Resolution. Edwin K. Schneider, Ben P. Kirtman, Yun Fan, and Zengxin Zhu, October 2001, 27 pp.

108.

A Simulation of the Tropical South American Summer Climate Variability with the NCEP ETA Model. Anandu D. Vernekar, Ben P. Kirtman, and Michael J. Fennessey, October 2001.

107.

Variability of the Indian Ocean : Relation to Monsoon and ENSO , V. Krishnamurthy and Ben P. Kirtman, September 2001.

106.

A Model-Based Investigation of Soil-Moisture Predictability and Associated Climate Predictability, C. Adam Schlosser and P.C.D. Milly, September 2001.

105.

Interactive Coupled Ensemble: A New Coupling Strategy for CGCMs. Ben P. Kirtman and J. Shukla, September 2001, 24 pp.

104.

A Shallow-CISK-Deep-Equilibrium Mechanism for the Interaction Between Large-Scale Convection and Large-Scale Circulations in the Tropics. Zhaohua Wu, April 2002, 46 pp.

103.

The COLA Global Coupled and Anomaly Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere GCM, Ben P. Kirtman, Yun Fan, and Edwin K. Schneider, August 2001, 47pp.

102.

A Multi-Decadal Global Land-Surface Data Set of State Variables and Fluxes, Paul A. Dirmeyer and Liqin Tan, August 2001, 43pp.

101.

Dynamic Downscaling of Seasonal Simulations Over South America, Vazubandhu Misra, Paul Dirmeyer, and Ben P. Kirtman, August, 2001, (In Press)

100.

Near Surface boreal summer climate as simulated by three general circulation models, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Michael J. Fennessy, L. Marx, June, 2001, 36pp.

99.

Does ENSO Force the PNA?, David M. Straus and J. Shukla, May, 2001, 39pp.

98.

Understanding Differences Between the Equatorial Pacific as Simulatedby Two Coupled GCMs, Edwin K. Schneider, May, 2001, 52pp.

97.

Modeling the effect of land-surface variability on the precipitation variability; Part I: General Response, Oreste Reale, Paul A. Dirmeyer and Adam Schlosser, April, 2001, 33pp.

96.

Modeling the effect of land-surface variability on the precipitation variability; Part II: Spatial and time-scale structure, Oreste Reale, Paul A. Dirmeyer and Adam Schlosser, April, 2001, 39pp.

95.

The Implementation of Simplified Simple Biosphere (SSiB) Scheme in the Regional Spectral Model (RSM), Vasubandhu Misra, Paul A. Dirmeyer, and Ben P. Kirtman, April, 2001, 31pp.

94.

The Interannual Vaiability in the Tropical Indina Ocean and its Relations to El Niño/Southern Oscillation, Bohua Huang and James L. Kinter III , January, 2001, 48pp.

93.

New Astronomy in the COLA Atmospheric General Circulation Model, L. Marx, January, 2001, 27pp. (Figures)

92.

A 36-Year Climatology of the Evaporative Sources of Warm-Season Precipitation oin the Mississippi River Basin, Kaye L. Brubaker, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Arief Sudradjat, Benjamin S. Levy, and Fredric Bernal, November, 2000, 48pp.

91.

Climate Variability and Potential Predictability over Continental Regions in Response to SST Variations, C. Adam Schlosser and Paul A. Dirmeyer, October, 2000, 42pp.

90.

Analysis of the Connection from the South Asian Monsoon to ENSO by Using Precipitation and Circulation Indices, K. Miyakoda, J. Kinter and S. Yang, in press.

89.

An Evaluation of the Strength of Land-Atmosphere Coupling, Paul A. Dirmeyer, October, 2000, 34pp.

88.

Evaporative moisture sources during a sequence of floods in the Mediterranean region, Oreste Reale, Laura Feudale and Barbara Turato, September 2000, 15pp.

87.

Experimental ENSO Predictions with a CGCM: A comparison of Two Different Approaches, Zhengxin Zhu, Edwin K. Schneider, and Bohua Huang, September, 2000, 39pp. Final Published Version: China Meteorological Press, Beijing, China, 819-840.

86.

The Indonesian Throughflow's Effect on Global Climate Determined from the COLA Coupled Climate System, Roxana C. Wajsowicz and Edwin K. Schneider, September, 2000, 26pp.

85.

Regional Simulation of Interannual Variability over South America, Vasubandhu Misra, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Ben P. Kirtman, Hann-Ming Henry Juang and Masao Kanamitsu, August 2000, 42pp.

84.

A Stochastic Similarity Hypothesis for Large-Scale Turbulence, Timothy DelSole, August, 2000, 37pp.

83.

Modeling the Effects of the Andes on the South American Climate, Clemente A.S. Tanajura and Jagadish Shukla, August, 49pp.

82.

Climate drift in a coupled land-atmosphere model, Paul A. Dirmeyer, July, 2000, 21pp.

81.

Observed and Model Simulated Interannual Variability of the Indian Monsoon, V. Krishnamurthy and J. Shukla, May, 2000, 46pp. Final Published Version: Mausam, 52, 133-150.

80.

Impact of Tropical Subseasonal SST Variability on Seasonal Mean Climate Simulations, Ben P. Kirtman, Dan A. Paolino, James L. Kinter III and David M. Straus, Feburary, 2000, 40pp.

79.

Application of a Precipitation Downscaling Model to Gridded Multi-sensor Radar Analyses, Venugopal V. and P.A. Dirmeyer, February, 2000, 25pp.

78.

An update to the distribution and treatment of vegetation and soil properties in SSiB, Paul A. Dirmeyer and Fanrong J. Zeng, December, 1999, 37pp.

77.

Empirically Reducing the Systematic Error of an OGCM, Ben P. Kirtman, December, 1999, 40pp.

76.

An Approach for Quantifying Inter-model Variability. C. Adam Schlosser and Tim DelSole, November 1999, 15pp.

75.

Seasonal Prediction Based on EOF Analyses of GCM Ensemble Means, Ruping Mo and David M. Straus, November, 1999, 37pp.

74.

Probability Forecasts for Seasonal Average Anomalies Based on GCM Ensemble Means, Ruping Mo and David M. Straus, November, 1999, 33pp.

73.

Statistical Verification of Dynamical Seasonal Prediction, Ruping Mo and David M. Straus, November, 1999, 73pp.

72.

An Ocean Data Assimilation System with Intermittent Analyses and Continuous Model Error Correction, Bohua Huang, James L. Kinter III , Paul S. Schopf , October, 1999, 60pp.

71.

Optimally Persistent Patterns in Time-Varying Fields, Timothy DelSole, October, 1999, 46pp.

70.

A Model for Transient Eddy Momentum Fluxes in the Upper Troposphere, Timothy DelSole, September 1999, 33pp.

69.

Intraseasonal and Interannual Variability of Rainfall over India, V. Krishnamurthy and J. Shukla, August 1999, 34pp.

68.

Using a Global Soil Wetness Data Set to Improve Seasonal Climate Simulation,
P. Dirmeyer, May 1999, 42pp.

67.

Dynamical Seasonal Predictions with the COLA Atmospheric model, J. Shukla, D.A. Paolino, D.M. Straus, D. DeWitt, M. Fennessey, J.L. Kinter, L. Marx, and R. Mo, May 1999, 42pp.

66.

Distinguishing Between the SST-forced Variability and Internal Variability and internal Variability in Mid-Latitudes: Analysis of Observations and GCM Simulations, D.M. Straus and J. Shukla, April 1999, 54pp.

65.

GCM Simulation of the relationship between spring Eurasian snow and Indian summer monsoon, A.S. Bamzai and L. Marx, March 1999, 46pp.

64.

A Spontaneously Generated Atmospheric General Circulation, B.P. Kirtman and Edwin K. Schneider, March 1999, 50pp.

63.

Seasonal Prediction Experiments with a Regional Model Nested in a Global Model,
M.J. Fennessy and J. Shukla, December 1998, 52pp.

62.

Monsoon-ENSO Relationship on Interdecadal Time Scale, V. Krishnamurthy and B.N. Goswami, October 1998, 55pp.

61.

Simulations of a Boreal Grassland Hydrology at Valdai, Russia: PILPS Phase 2(d),
C.A. Schlosser and Collaborators
, October 1998, 47pp.

60.

Geophysical Turbulence in the Reanalyses of ECMWF, D. Straus and P. Ditlevsen, October 1998, 50pp.

59.

A Dissipation Integral with Application to Ocean Diffusivities and Structure, E. Schneider and U. Bhatt, September 1998, 37pp.

58.

Modeling the Effects of Vegetation on Mediterranean Climate During the Roman Classical Period Part II: Climate History and Model Simulation, O. Reale and J. Shukla, August 1998, 68pp.

57.

Modeling the Effects of Vegetation on Mediterranean Climate During the Roman Classical Period Part I: Climate History and Model Sensitivity, O. Reale and P. Dirmeyer, August 1998, 47pp.

56.

The Tropical Ocean Response to a Change in Orbital Forcing, D. DeWitt and E.K. Schneider, July 1998, 55pp.

55.

A Fundamental Limitation of Markov Models, T. DelSole, May 1998, 32pp.

54.

Influence of the Indian Summer Monsoon on ENSO, B. Kirtman and J. Shukla , May 1998, 52pp.

53.

Relation Between Eurasian Snow Cover, Snow Depth and the Indian Summer Monsoon: An Observational Study, A.S. Bamzai and J. Shukla, February 1998, 42pp.

52.

Climatology and Interannual Variability of Northern Hemisphere Snow Cover and Depth Based on Satellite Observations, A.S. Bamzai and J.L. Kinter III , November 1997, 48pp.

51.

The COLA Atmosphere-Biosphere General Circulation Model Volume 1: Formulation, J.L. Kinter III , D. DeWitt, P. Dirmeyer, M. Fennessy, B. Kirtman, L. Marx, E. Schneider, J. Shukla and D. Straus, October 1997, 46pp.

50.

A Forecast of Precipitation and Surface Air Temperature in North America for Winter (JFM) 1998, J. Shukla, D. Paolino, B. Kirtman, D. DeWitt, P. Dirmeyer, B. Doty, M. Fennessy, B. Huang, J.L. Kinter, L. Marx, E. Schneider, D. Straus, Z. Zhu, September 1997, 14pp.

49.

Using SST Anomalies to Predict Flood and Drought Conditions for the Caribbean,
A. Chen, A. Roy, J. McTavish, M.Taylor and L. Marx
, September 1997, 41pp.

48.

A Two Dimensional Implementation of the Simple Biosphere (SiB) Model, P. Dirmeyer and F. Zeng, September 1997, 30pp.

47.

Assessing GCM Sensitivity to Soil Wetness Using GSWP Data, P. Dirmeyer, September 1997, 26pp.

46.

A Broad Scale Circulation Index for the Interannual Variability of the Indian Summer Monsoon, B.N. Goswami, V. Krishnamurthy, and H. Annamalai, September 1997, 52pp.

45.

Upper Tropospheric Water Vapor and Climate Sensitivity, E. Schneider, B. Kirtman and
R. Lindzen
, August 1997, 40pp. J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 1649-1658.

44.

Simulations of the Climate with a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere General Circulation Model: Seasonal Cycle and Adjustment to Mean Climate, D. DeWitt and E. Schneider, July 1997, 64pp.

43.

Decadal Variability in ENSO Predictability and Prediction, B. Kirtman and P. Schopf, May 1997, 43pp.

42.

Predicting Wintertime Skill from Ensemble Characteristics in the NCEP Medium Range Forecasts over North America, P. Dirmeyer, B. Doty and J.L. Kinter III , April 1997, 31pp.

41.

Model Simulation of the Influence of Global SST Anomalies on the Sahel Rainfall, Y. Xue and J. Shukla, April 1997, 25pp.

40.

GCM Simulations of Intraseasonal Variability in the Indian Summer Monsoon, R. Krishnan and M.J. Fennessy, April 1997, 54pp.

39.

ENSO Hindcasts with a Coupled GCM, E. Schneider, Z. Zhu, D. DeWitt, B. Huang, and
B. Kirtman
, April 1997, 40pp.

38.

A Global Ocean Data Analysis for 1986-1992, B. Huang and J.L. Kinter III , March 1997, 62pp.

37.

Sensitivity of the Simulated Annual Cycle of Sea Surface Temperature in the Equatorial Pacific to Sunlight Penetration, E. Schneider and Z. Zhu, March 1997, 37pp.

36.

A Note on the Annual Cycle of Sea Surface Temperature at the Equator, E. Schneider, December 1996, 16pp.

35.

The Earth Radiation Budget as Simulated by the COLA GCM, D. DeWitt and E. Schneider, November 1996, 39pp.

34.

Impact of Initial Soil Wetness on Seasonal Atmospheric Prediction, M. Fennessy and
J. Shukla
, August 1996, 37pp.

33.

Seasonal Atmospheric Prediction, L. Marx and M. Fennessy, August 1996, 34pp.

32.

ENSO Simulation and Prediction with a Hybrid Coupled Model, B. Kirtman and S.E. Zebiak, August 1996, 50pp.

31.

Scale Dependent Forcings of a General Circulation Model, D. Straus and Y. Yi, July 1996, 34pp.

30.

Characteristics of the Interannual and Decadal Variability in a General Circulation Model, B. Huang and J. Shukla, July 1996, 55pp.

29.

Biosphere Feedback on Regional Climate in Tropical North Africa, Y. Xue, June 1996.

28.

Oceanic Rossby Waves and the ENSO Period in a Coupled Model, B. Kirtman, May 1996, 49 pp.

27.

The Effect of Cumulus Convection on the Climate of the COLA General Circulation Model, D. DeWitt, May 1996, 58pp.

26.

Proceedings of the Workshop on Dynamics and Statistics of Secular Climate Variations, Miramare, Trieste , Italy ; 4-8 December 1995, Editors: J.L. Kinter III and E. Schneider, April 1996.

25.

Diagnosis of the Mid-Latitude Baroclinic Regime in the NASA DAO Reanalyses and ECMWF Operation Analyses. D. Straus and D. Paolino, March 1996, 48 pp.

24.

Predictability and Error Growth in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model. J. Shukla and . Kirtman, March 1996, 11 pp.

23.

Precipitation and Water Vapor Transport Simulated by a Hybrid Isentropic-Sigma GCM. Z. Zhu, March 1996, 37 pp.

22.

Tropical Influence on Global Climate. E. Schneider, R. Lindzen and B. Kirtman, February 1996, 29pp.

21.

Variations of Mid-Latitude Transient Dynamics Associated with ENSO. D. Straus and J. Shukla, September 1995, 49 pp.

20.

Intercomparison of Atmospheric Model Wind Stress with Three Different Convective Parameterizations: Sensitivity of Tropical Pacific Ocean Simulations. B. Kirtman and
D. DeWitt
, September 1995, 51 pp.

19.

Wave-CISK, The Evaporation-Wind Feedback, and the Intraseasonal Oscillation: Phase Propagation and Scale Selection. B. Kirtman and A. Vernekar, August 1995.

18.

Impact of Vegetation Properties on U.S. Summer Weather Prediction. Y. Xue,
M. Fennessy and P. Sellers
, August 1995, 41pp.

17.

Model Based Estimates of Equatorial Pacific Wind Stress. Ben P. Kirtman, E. Schneider, and Bernard Kirtman, August 1995, 58pp.

16.

An Examination of the AGCM Simulated Surface Wind Stress and Low Level Winds Over the Tropical Pacific Ocean. B. Huang and J. Shukla, August 1995, 42pp.

15.

Multiseasonal Predictions with a Coupled Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere System.
B. Kirtman, J. Shukla, B. Huang, Z. Zhu, and E. Schneider, June 1995, 59pp.

14.

Factors Determining the Precipitation Distribution and Low-Level Flow in the Tropics of an Atmospheric General Circulation Model: Diagnostic Studies. D. DeWitt, E. Schneider, and A. Vernekar, June 1995, 56pp.

13.

Improvement in Stratosphere and Upper-Troposphere Simulation with a Hybrid Isentropic-Sigma Coordinate GCM. Z. Zhu and E. Schneider, June 1995, 45pp.

12.

Annual Cycle and ENSO in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model. E. Schneider, Z. Zhu, B. Giese, B. Huang, B.. Kirtman, J. Shukla, J.. Carton, May 1995, 57pp.

11.

The Impact of Desertification in the Mongolian and the Inner Mongolian Grassland on the East Asian Monsoon. Y. Xue, May 1995, 50pp.

10.

Experimental Multi-Season ENSO Predictions with an Anomaly Coupled General Circulation Model. Z. Zhu and E. K. Schneider, May 1995, 28pp.

9.

Meeting on Problems in Initializing Soil Wetness: Review. P. A. Dirmeyer, January 1995, 33pp.

8.

The response of an Ocean GCM to Surface Wind Stress Produced by an Atmospheric GCM. B. Huang, & E. K. Schneider, September 1994, 56 pp.

7.

Land-Sea Geometry and its Effect on Monsoon Circulations. P. A. Dirmeyer, August 1994, 39 pp.

6.

GCM Simulations of the Life Cycles of the 1988 US Drought and Heatwave. M. J. Fennessy, J. L. Kinter III , L. Marx, E. K. Schneider, P. J. Sellers, & J. Shukla, July 1994, 68 pp.

5.

A Pilot Reanalysis Project at COLA. D. Paolino, Q. Yang, B. Doty, J. L. Kinter III , J. Shukla, & D. Straus, July 1994, 46 pp.

4.

A Comparison of Two Surface Wind Stress Analyses over the Tropical Atlantic during 1980-1987. B. Huang, & J. Shukla, June 1994, 46 pp.

3.

The Effect on Climate of Doubling Deserts. P. A. Dirmeyer, & J. Shukla, June 1994, 61 pp.

2.

Flux Correction and Equilibrium Climate. E. K. Schneider, April 1994, 12 pp.

1.

Ocean Wave Dynamics and El Niño. E. K. Schneider, B. Huang, & J. Shukla, April 1994, 46 pp.